Glaucoma, What is it?
A common eye disease that affects many- glaucoma is an eye condition that can be caused by increased pressure within the eye that in turn, can damage the optic nerve. The optic nerve is the nerve that connects our eyes to the brain, and is what is responsible for our vision.
Our eyes are filled with a fluid substance (called the Aqueous) that must be regularly drained
and cycled. Most cases of glaucoma stem from a blockage of the eyes drainage system. This
leads to a gradual buildup of pressure in the eye that degrades the optical nerve, therefore
reducing peripheral vision.
The symptoms of glaucoma include patchiness in peripheral and central vision in early stages, and tunnel vision in later stages. The main risk factors for glaucoma can include family history, age, ethnicity, and diabetes.
Treatment for glaucoma can range from ocular treatment in the form of eyedrops, to laser
surgery depending on the case. If you have been diagnosed with or believe you may have
glaucoma contact your optometrist to discuss your options.